South Korean court overturns conviction of soldiers for gay sex

by Reuters
Friday, 22 April 2022 09:55 GMT

South Korean soldiers salute in front of a huge national flag during media day for the 73rd anniversary of the Armed Forces Day, which falls on October 1, in Pohang, South Korea, September 30, 2021. Picture taken September 30, 2021. Lee Jin-man/Pool via REUTERS

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After human rights groups have called on South Korea to decriminalize same-sex relationships for men in the military for years, the country's top court makes a breakthrough ruling
SEOUL, April 21 (Reuters) - South Korea's top court overturned on Thursday a 2019 military court conviction of two soldiers sentenced to suspended prison terms for a same-sex relationship, in a ruling hailed by a rights group as a milestone step against a much-criticised law.

The Supreme Court said the conviction by the military court did not take into account whether the defendants' relations, which took place in a personal space, were consensual, and thus excessively restricting their right to sexual self-determination.

"Punishing these incidents could ... infringe upon the right to equality, the dignity and value as human and the right to pursue happiness as guaranteed by the Constitution," the Supreme Court said in its ruling.

Homosexual activity is not illegal for South Korean civilians but same-sex relationships for men in the military have been subject to criminal punishment.

The ministry of defence said it would thoroughly review "the intent of the Supreme Court's ruling". In the past, South Korean authorities have defended the military code against same-sex relationships as necessary to maintain discipline.

The two defendants were indicted in 2017 for having same-sex intercourse in 2016, while off duty and outside their base, which is punishable with prison for up to two years under the Military Criminal Act.

Human rights groups have for years called on South Korea to decriminalize same-sex relationships for men in the military, warning that laws fuel violence, discrimination and stigmatization against gay soldiers.

"This Supreme Court ruling will serve as a milestone in the long debate over this law," the Center for Military Human Rights Korea said in a statement.

The military act is under review in the Constitutional Court after the filing of numerous petitions against it, and the center urged the court to quickly complete its review of what it called an "outdated and bad" law.

The death last year of South Korea's first known transgender soldier triggered debate over how members of sexual minorities in the military are treated in a country that requires all able-bodied men to serve for at least 18 months.

The soldier, Byun Hui-su, was found dead at her home a year after being discharged for undergoing gender reassignment surgery.

(Reporting by Soo-hyang Choi and Joori Roh; Additional reporting by Hyonhee Shin; Editing by Robert Birsel)

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