FACTBOX - Transgender politicians and government officials around the world

Friday, 23 April 2021 16:59 GMT

FILE PHOTO: Cast member Caitlyn Jenner participates in a panel for the E! Entertainment Television series "I Am Cait" during the Television Critics Association (TCA) Cable Winter Press Tour in Pasadena, California, January 14, 2016. REUTERS/Danny Moloshok

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Caitlyn Jenner bids to become governor of California as conservatives and liberals clash over transgender rights in the United States

By Rachel Savage

LONDON, April 23 (Openly) - Former Olympic champion and reality TV star Caitlyn Jenner announced on Friday that she would run for governor of California, bidding to become the country's most senior transgender elected official.

Jenner, 71, who denounced former President Donald Trump's "anti-transgender policies" in a 2018 Washington Post article, said on Twitter she would be one of growing group of Republicans seeking to unseat Democratic incumbent Gavin Newsom.

Trans rights in the United States have become a flashpoint in recent years between conservatives and liberals.

But, around the world, trans politicians have gained greater prominence in recent years - with Pauline Ngarmpring becoming Thailand's first trans candidate for prime minister in 2019.

Here are some other trans people who serve in high-level politics and government globally:

- Rachel Levine, U.S. assistant health secretary

Rachel Levine made history earlier this year as the first openly transgender person confirmed in a top government job by the U.S. Senate, winning approval for her appointment as assistant health secretary in Joe Biden's administration.

A professor of paediatrics and psychiatry at Penn State College of Medicine, Levine led Pennsylvania's response to coronavirus pandemic as the state's top health official.

- Tamara Adrian, alternate deputy in Venezuela's National Assembly

Adrian, 67, a member of the small Popular Will party, became in 2015 the second trans woman to be elected to a national legislature in the Western Hemisphere.

A year before her election, she filed an appeal for recognition of her gender identity to the Supreme Court, but despite garnering more than 4,000 signatures, the case did not receive a response from the court.

As a result, Adrian was forced to campaign under the name on her birth certificate.

- Petra De Sutter, Belgium's deputy prime minister

De Sutter, 57, an activist for progressive legislation regarding trans issues and medically assisted reproduction, was named in 2020 as one of seven deputy prime ministers in Belgium's new coalition government.

Elected as a member of the European Parliament (MEP) in 2019, De Sutter has chaired the European Parliament Intergroup on LGBT+ rights and co-chaired the MEPs Against Cancer Group.

De Sutter is also minister for public service and public enterprises, and LGBT+ rights groups welcomed her appointment as an important step forward for trans politicians in Europe.

- Audrey Tang, Taiwan's digital minister

Tang, 40, became digital minister in 2016 and is the youngest person to hold a ministerial post in Taiwan.

Tang has said changing her gender identity informed her politics by giving her a greater understanding of what it is to be vulnerable.

As a minister, she has pledged to give preferential access to government contracts to social enterprises.

- Diane Marie Rodriguez Zambrano, alternate member of Ecuador's National Assembly

Zambrano, 39, was the second-ever LGBT+ person to run for office in Ecuador. In 1998, protection from discrimination for gay men and lesbians was written into the constitution, but not extended to trans people.

Zambrano, who was also an activist for more than two decades, has said she still receives death threats for her work.

In the National Assembly, she helped set a legal precedent for how trans people are represented in the media, winning a discrimination case against the makers of a programme that mocked trans people as "perverts".

"I've kept on fighting for LGBT rights because even if I don't get to benefit from those rights, other generations can live without discrimination or violence," she wrote on human rights website Frontline Defenders in 2015.

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Biden taps Levine for key health role, in historic pick of transgender person

(Reporting by Rachel Savage @rachelmsavage; Editing by Helen Popper. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers the lives of people around the world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit http://news.trust.org)

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